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Rice Polishing Machine

Views: 40     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2023-08-30      Origin: Site

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A rice polishing machine, also known as a rice polisher or rice whitener, is a piece of equipment used in the rice milling process to improve the appearance and quality of milled rice. The main purpose of rice polishing is to remove the outer bran layer and any remaining impurities from the rice grain while preserving its shape and nutritional content. Here's how a rice polishing machine works and its importance in the rice milling industry:


  1. Process Overview:

    • Milled Rice: After the initial milling process, rice grains still have a layer of bran, which is rich in nutrients but can cause rice to appear dull and less visually appealing.

    • Polishing: The rice polishing machine gently abrades the surface of the rice grains to remove the outer bran layer, creating a smoother and shinier appearance.

    • Whitening: In addition to polishing, the process often involves a whitening step, which further enhances the rice's color and appearance.


  2. Components of a Rice Polishing Machine:

    • Rotating Drums or Rollers: These are the main components that come into contact with the rice grains. The abrasive action of the drums or rollers removes the bran layer.

    • Air Suction System: Many modern rice polishers are equipped with an air suction system that helps remove the loosened bran particles from the rice grains.

    • Control Mechanism: The machine's settings can be adjusted to control the level of polishing, allowing operators to achieve the desired level of whiteness.


  3. Importance of Rice Polishing:

    • Appearance: Rice polishing enhances the visual appeal of the rice by making it brighter and more translucent. This is particularly important for consumers who associate whiter rice with higher quality.

    • Texture: The polishing process can also slightly alter the texture of the rice, making it smoother and less sticky when cooked.

    • Nutritional Content: While the outer bran layer contains valuable nutrients, polished rice has a longer shelf life due to reduced oil content, as oils in the bran can turn rancid over time.

    • Market Demand: Many consumers prefer polished rice for its appearance and cooking characteristics, which can impact market demand for certain types of rice.


  4. Types of Polishing Machines:

    • Horizontal Rice Polisher: This type uses abrasive rollers that move horizontally, abrading the rice grains between them.

    • Vertical Rice Polisher: In this type, the abrasive rollers move vertically, providing a different polishing action.


  5. Considerations:

    • Degree of Polishing: The degree of polishing can vary based on the desired end product. Light polishing removes less bran and retains more nutrients, while heavy polishing produces whiter rice but removes more nutrients.

    • Automation: Modern rice mills often use automated rice polishing machines to ensure consistency in polishing quality.


Rice polishing is an important step in the rice milling process, especially for rice varieties that are commonly consumed in their polished form. However, it's worth noting that excessive polishing can lead to nutrient loss, so it's important to strike a balance between achieving the desired appearance and retaining nutritional value.

Rice Polishing Machine



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